Electrical Machinery


  • Market growth in the past 10 years – 11.6%
  • Domestic Power Equipment industry growth in past 10 years – 11.9%
  • Export growth in past 10 years – 18.6%
  • Major Electrical Equipment industry growth in past 10 years – 8.3% and in past 5 years – 4%
  • Estimated market value is expected to reach USD 100 billion by 2022
  • Market-oriented reforms, such as the target of ‘Power for All’ and plans to add 88.5 GW of capacity by 2017 and 93 GW by 2022 which will generate huge demand for power transmission & distribution equipment


  • 100% FDI is allowed under the automatic route in the electrical machinery sector, subject to all applicable regulations and laws.



  • The electrical machinery industry has been delicensed
  • This has facilitated the entry of global majors into the electrical machinery industry in India

Tariffs & Custom Duties:

  • The customs duty on power generation equipment is 5% at present whereas transmission and distribution equipment attracts 7.5% customs duty

Initiatives to Increase Power Generation:

  • With planned capacity addition of 88.5 GW projected at the end of 2017 through the Accelerated Power Development Reform Program, the government plans to provide reliable, affordable and quality power to all

National Electricity Policy (NEP):

  • The government aims to achieve per capita electricity consumption of 1,000 kWh through its mission under NEP

Vision 2022 for the Indian Electric Machinery Equipment Industry:

  • To make India the country of choice for the production of electrical equipment and reach an output of USD 100 billion by balancing exports and imports
  • Areas of focus include technology and R&D, the lowering of customs duties on a range of equipment, the setting up of the Electrical Equipment Skill Development Council (EESDC), the establishment of electrical equipment industry clusters, the enhancement of product-testing infrastructure in the country, an increase of shares in the export market, and financial support


Key Provisions of the Union Budget 2015-2016:

  • In order to provide a further fillip to companies engaged in the manufacture of an article or thing, the said benefit of additional deduction of 15% of the cost of new plant and machinery, exceeding USD 3.85 million that is acquired and installed during any previous year ending on 31.03.2017.

Tax Incentives:

R&D Incentives: industry/private sponsored research programmes

  • A weighted tax deduction is given under Section 35 (2AA) of the Income Tax Act. A weighted deduction of 200% is granted to assesses for any sum paid to a national laboratory, university or institute of technology, or specified persons with a specific direction, provided the said sum is used for scientific research within a programme approved by the prescribed authority

Companies engaged in Manufacture having an in-house R&D centre:

  • A weighted tax deduction of 200% under Section 35 (2AB) of the Income Tax Act for both capital and revenue expenditure incurred on scientific research and development. (Expenditure on land and buildings are not eligible for deduction)

State Incentives:

  • Apart from the above, each state in India offers additional incentives for industrial projects. Incentives are in areas like subsidised land cost, relaxation in stamp duty, exemption on the sale/lease of land, power tariff incentives, a concessional rate of interest on loans, investment subsidies/tax incentives, backward areas subsidies, special incentive packages for mega projects, etc.

Export Incentives:

  • Export promotion capital goods scheme
  • Duty remission scheme
  • Focus product scheme, special focus product scheme, focus market scheme

Areas based Incentives:

  • Incentives for units in Special Economic Zones(SEZ) / National Investment & Manufacturing Zone(NIMZ) as specified in respective Acts or the setting up of projects in special areas such as the North-East, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand